Plants solitary or forming colonies of rosettes, caulescent, arborescent, mostly asymmetrical, 0.7-2.5 m, not including inflorescence, to 30 cm diam.; rosettes each with more than 100 leaves. Stems 1, erect, 1-3-branched. Leaf blade linear, flat or concavo-convex or slightly keeled, widest at or above middle, 20-30(-45) × 0.7-1.2 cm, flexible, ± scabrous adaxially and abaxially, margins denticulate, yellow or orangish red, corneous, apex sharp-pointed. Inflorescences paniculate, racemose at apex, arising beyond rosettes, 5-8 dm; branches to 2 dm; bracts erect, 10-13(-17) cm; peduncle sometimes scapelike, (0.3-)0.4-0.7 m, 1.3-2 cm diam., glabrous or glabrescent. Flowers pendent; perianth globose to campanulate; tepals distinct, white, narrowly elliptic, 3.5-6.5 × 1.2-3.5 cm, glossy, apex sharply acuminate; filaments 1.7-3.3 cm; pistil 2.5-3.8 × 0.4-0.8 cm; style white, 6-18 mm; stigmas lobed. Fruits erect, capsular, dehiscent, ovoid, rarely constricted, 3.5-7 × 2-2.5 cm, dehiscence septicidal. Seeds dull black, thin, 6-8 mm diam. Flowering spring. Rocky slopes and hills; 200--1400 m; Tex.; n Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila). Yucca thompsoniana occurs in the trans-Pecos area of Texas. J. M. Webber (1953) characterized it as a dwarflike form of Y. rostrata, and the differences are perhaps not sufficient to merit separate recognition. Webber also suggested that it may hybridize with Y. reverchonii.