Stems simple or few from base, 4-15 dm, pubescent proximally, trichomes simple and long-stalked, 2-rayed, mixed with smaller, dendritic ones. Basal leaves caducous; petiole to 3 cm; blade spatulate to oblanceolate, 1.8-3 cm × 2-4 mm, margins dentate, sinuate, incised, or runcinate, surfaces pubescent, trichomes stalked, forked and dendritic, mixed with fewer, simple ones. Cauline leaves (distal) sessile; blade linear, 3-9.2 cm × 0.8-5 mm, surfaces glabrous or glabrate. Racemes secund, 1.6-7.9 dm in fruit. Fruiting pedicels slightly descending, recurved, 5-13 mm. Flowers (slightly zygomorphic, receptacle asymmetric); sepals purple or green, oblong, 4-9 × 1.5-4 mm, (adaxial largest); petals lavender to purple apically, spatulate, (4-)5-7(-12) × 1-3 mm, (adaxial largest); filaments 4-9 mm; anthers 1-1.2(-2) mm. Fruits pendent, straight or nearly so, 5-10 cm × 1-1.2 mm, slightly latiseptate; valves glabrous; septum transparent; ovules 150-250 per ovary; style 0.5-1.2 mm. Seeds biseriate, plump, not winged, oblong, 0.7-1.3 × 0.4-0.5 mm; seed coat mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons incumbent. 2n = 16.
Flowering Jul-Oct. Mixed pine-oak forest, limestone hills, rocky outcrops and meadows, stream banks, shaded ravines; 1400-3400 m; Ariz., N.Mex., Tex.; Mexico; Central America (Costa Rica, Guatemala).
Martin and Hutchins 1980, Kearney and Peebles 1969
Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Biennial with stellate-pubescent stems, bearing forked hairs, or glabrous, 30-80 cm tall. Leaves: Basal leaves oblanceolate, sinuate toothed to pinnatifid, stellate-pubescent, cauline leaves linear to linear-lanceolate, entire, usually glabrous. Flowers: Borne in elongated racemes, purplish sepals, 4-5 mm long, glabrous or pubescent, somewhat oblique, lower sepals longer than the upper ones, petals spatulate, indistinctly clawed, 5-8 mm long, purple. Fruits: Siliques slender, terete, sessile, 50-70 mm long, widely spreading and pendulous. Ecology: Found on both damp and dry slopes from 5,500-9,500 ft (1676-2896 m); flowers July-September. Notes: Similar to Arabis when it is only a basal rosette, but since it is a biennial the rosette is not persistent when in flower which helps to distinguish Pennellia in the field. Ethnobotany: Unknown Etymology: Pennellia is named for the American botanist Francis Whittier Pennell (1886-1952), while longifolia means long leaved. Synonyms: Streptanthus longifolius, Thelypodium longifolium Editor: SBuckley, 2010